Essays Volume 8 Part 2

IELTS Essay Volume 8 Part 2 Topic 197-EV8P2T197

Some think that these environmental problems are too big for individuals to be solved, while others think that individuals cannot solve these environmental problems unless governments make some action. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

It is true that our small individual actions often seem insignificant compared to the scale and complexity of global environmental problems such as pollution, deforestation and depletion of natural resources. That is why some people hold the opinion that individual action can do nothing. Others say that individuals can do something if some action is taken by governments. This essay shall discuss both views.

Individual actions, small as they may be, can prove more effective than we realize. We can avoid driving the car, and take public transit, walk, or bicycle instead. This will reduce the use of fossil fuels and cut pollution. Saving energy at home, like turning on the air conditioner only when we have to, or turning water heater down a few degrees, is also ultimately good for the environment. It has been rightly said that – ‘Little drops of water; little grains of sand; make the mighty ocean; and the vast land’.

There are, however, obstacles that stand in the way of individual action and intervention by governments is needed. The first obstacle is the lack of professional knowledge needed to cope with serious environmental issues like soil erosion and salinity, which require a significant amount of investigation and research. Another obstacle which makes individual action almost impossible is when an environmental emergency or accident happens such as an oil spill near the border line, which would necessitate government or even international coordination.

So, in conclusion, when it comes to environmental problems, individual actions are indispensable in the problem solving process. But the most pressing and complicated problems go far beyond an individual’s capability and so require the concerted effort of the government as well as the global community.

Sample 2

Nature provides a free lunch, only if we control our appetite.”

In the current world of increased environmental problems, its solution has become a debatable issue. Some people think that it is impossible for an individual to solve these problems whereas some opine that government should come forth with helping hand. It is explained in the following paragraphs.

First of all, we can observe so many problematic issues of environment. These are likely to be solved only if public is also aware. Some people find it too big to be solved by an individual. They think of so many problems like ozone depletion, radiation pollution and extinction of species. These problems sound very devastating. One individual alone can’t help to eradicate these problems. Some think that these issues are at their extreme level so public can’t contribute even to stabilize the level of such problems.

As far as, my opinion is concerned, a flower cannot make a garland. If every individual makes some efforts to reduce daily waste, use public transport for short distance travelling or leave the throw away culture then he can give his 60% contribution in remoulding the environment. We take an instance of Ganga-action plan. Under this plan, many laws are legislated. But, if every individual violates these laws then how can we think of a clean Ganga. The depletion of ozone layer and global warming can also be controlled if every common man reduces the unnecessary cars, and other machines. We are playing with laws of nature also by disturbing the food chain. One can also stop hunting just for fun. These are some ideas for an individual to extend a helpful hand

On the other hand some people think government should come ahead and do some constructive works. Many eco-friendly laws can be made like one car per family. It should concentrate on current problems which are remaining to be solved. Government should take serious steps like recycling of substances and ban on hunting of vulnerable and rare species of animals. All laws should be abided by people everywhere. Government has banned plastics bags, but these are still found in some markets. It should aware the illiterate people about it. Solar products and biogas plants must be launched.

In a nutshell, I can say that it is true that environmental problems are big enough but the proper co-operation of public and government can result in excellent consequences otherwise it will be of no use crying over spilt milk.


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